Переводчик Латышева Екатерина Андреевна2 236
Rus. poets gathered about the magazine Apollon - set out to chart a new course in Rus. verse writing. The acmeists spurned the esoteric vagueness of symbolism (q.v.), which then dominated the Rus. literary scene, with its vaunted "spirit of music," i.e. the tendency to achieve maximum emotional suggestiveness at the expense of lucidity and sensory vividness. They strove instead for "Apollonian" clarity, for graphic sharpness of outline, and sought to convey the texture of things rather than their inner soul. To the acmeist, the poet was not a seer or a prophet but a craftsman (hence the name of the principal literary association of the acmeists, the "Guild of Poets"). These tenets found expression in the semantically dense and
phonically saturated poetry of Osip Mandelstam (1891-1938), which combines classical themes with "modern" compactness of imagery, and in the sparse, intimate verse of Anna Akhmatova (1889-1966), one of modern Russia's finest lyric poets. Nikolay Gumilev ( 1886-1921), who, as a leading theorist of the school, preached neoclassicism, often tended in his own poetry toward the flamboyantly exotic and romantic. A. produced much distinguished poetry, but as a literary movement it proved short-lived.
See now RUSSIAN POETRY; STRUCTURALISM, Moscow-Tartu School.
V.E. - Victor Erlich, Bensinger Professor Emeritus,
Russian Literature., Yale University
THE NEW PRINCETON ENCYCLOPEDIA OF POETRY AND POETICS 1993
ALEX PREMINGER AND T.V.F. BROGAN, CO-EDITORS
См. РУССКАЯ ПОЭЗИЯ; СТРУКТУРАЛИЗМ, Московско-тартуская школа.
Виктор Эрлих – отставной профессор русской литературы Йельского университета
«Новая Принстонская энциклопедия поэзии и поэтики», 1993
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